The 14 Flags
That Have Flown
Over Oklahoma

"Fourteen Flags over Oklahoma", by Muriel H. Wright, Editorial Dept. O.H.S.
Courtesy of
Old Greer County Museum and Hall of Fame, Inc., Mangum, OK.

I was asked why I didn't include the flags of the different Indian Nations here. It is because these are the flags that have flown over what is now the State of Oklahoma. I'll do a separate page for the flags of the Indian Nations.


#1. The Royal Standard of Spain brought to Oklahoma by Coronado in 1541. This flag is quartered red and white (silver), showing the golden castle on the red and the red lion on the white. The castle and the lion represented the royal houses (Castile and Leon) from which the King of Spain descended.

#2. The "Great Union" of Great Britain over OK, 1663, when King Charles II gave a wide strip of country from Atlantic to the Pacific to his friends. This strip was known as Carolina and included nearly all of Oklahoma. The British Flag then showed a blue field with the white cross of St. Andrew and the red cross of St. George, signifying the union of Scotland (St. Andrew's Cross) and England (St. George's Cross).

#3. Royal Standard of France brought to Oklahoma in 1719 by Bernard de la Harpe, though French claims dated from the time of La Salle in 1682 when he claimed all the country drained by the Mississippi River and its branches in the name of the French King. This flag of 1719 shows a white field sprinkled with many golden fleur de lis (French Lillys).

#4. The Standard of the Spanish Empire over Oklahoma in 1763 when France gave all the land west of the Mississippi to Spain by the Treaty of Paris. The Royal Standard of Spain had been changed by now, showing a purple field with crests of many different royal houses, and was used in the palace of the King. At this same time, the Spanish Navy sailed all the seas, carrying the ancient red and gold on a flag planted in many countries of the empire. This flag shows 3 horizontal stripes, red top and bottom, with a gold stripe between. The ancient Arms of Castile and Leon are shown on the gold stripe near the flag pole.

#5. The Standard of the French Republic ruled by Napoleon, in 1800, when Spain gave all the province of Louisiana to France. This flag shows three perpendicular stripes: red next to the flag pole, white at the center, blue at the end. (These stripes were reversed by French law in 1830, to stand blue near the flag pole, white at center and red at end.)

#6. The Purchase of Louisiana by the United States from France in 1803 brought the United States flag to Oklahoma. This flag showed 15 stars on the blue canton (upper right corner), and 15 alternating red and white stripes for the 15 states in the Union in 1803. This flag was according to the Law of May 1, 1795, which called for a star and a stripe to be added to the flag when a new state was admitted to the Union.

#7. The United States Flag design was changed by the Law of April 4, 1818. From this time, the U. S. Flag has shown 13 alternating red (at the top and bottom of the field) and white stripes, the stars in the blue canton (upper right corner) representing the states of the Union, a new star being added on the 4th of July, following the admission of a new state. The U.S. had 20 states in the Union in 1818.

#8. The Flag of Mexico from 1821 to 1836 flew over the Oklahoma panhandle which was owned by Mexico in this period. This flag shows three horizontal stripes, in the order from the flagpole, green, white and red. The white stripe shows at center the device of an eagle with a serpent in its talons, emblem of the ancient Aztec Indian legend.

#9. The Flag of the Republic of Texas, 1836, over the panhandle to 1839. This first Texas Flag shows an azure (blue) field with a five-pointed gold star at center.

#10. The "Lone Star Flag" of Texas over the Oklahoma Panhandle to 1850. This is the present Texas flag designed by Law of Jan. 25, 1839; a wide blue perpendicular stripe centered by a five-point white star near the pole, and two horizontal stripes, white above, red below.


#11. The Choctaw Flag carried by the Choctaw Confederate troops during the War between the States, 1861-1865. This flag shows a blue field with the Choctaw Seal at center. The Choctaw Nation was a separate government in southeast Oklahoma to 1907, and was the only Indian Nation that used a flag of it's own at any time

#12. The Confederate Battle Flag over Oklahoma, 1861-1865. This flag shows a red field with St. Andrew's Cross in blue on white, the blue showing thirteen white stars for the thirteen states which were aligned with the Confederate Government.

#13. The first Oklahoma State Flag adopted by the State Legislature in 1911. This shows a red field centered by a five-point white star bordered with blue and the figures "46" in blue at the center. Oklahoma being the 46th star in the Union when admitted as a state in 1907. After the Russian Revolution, however, that color and the star became associated with Communism, and in 1924 a contest was held to choose a new design.

#14. The present Oklahoma State Flag adopted by the state legislature in 1925. This shows a sky blue field with a central device; an Indian war shield of tan buckskin showing small crosses on the face - the Indian design for stars - and seven eagle feathers pendent from the edge of the shield. An Indian peace pipe (calumet) with a stone pipe bowl and a tassel at the end of the pipe stem lies on the shield; above the Indian peace pipe is an olive branch, the white man's emblem of peace. The original flag did not include the state name until 1941.

 Dividing Line

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