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Tulsa Weekly Democrat
Successor to the New Era
Banner: Motto: Whatever the truth may be; I give the story as told to me
Vol. 6 No. 5
Feb 2, 1900 - Part 1

Abstracted / Transcribed by Linda Haas Davenport

When the print is so faded that it cannot be read <.....> will be used . All transcription will be as found in the paper, misspellings and all

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Dividing Line

Page 1, Columns 1 & 2

[article objecting to the Dawes Commission's bringing in outsiders]

Page 1, Column 2

Court at Vinita.
- Judge Gill will open court here again next Monday morning for the trial of civil cases. Trial by jury may be had by agreement and a local jury may be summoned. District Attorney Soper desires to try a number of criminal cases where parties are in jail awaiting a hearing, but the board of health deemed it unsafe to again attempt to hold the criminal court, and especially to bring prisoners from the Muskogee jail. There is a great diversity of opinion among the people as to the case at the jail, and as a great many were exposed and no one has since taken it, many are settling down to the opinion that the doctors were mistaken in their diagnosis. Be that as it may, the court will be guided by the judgement of the physicians, and as long as they think it dangerous there will be no court held at Vinita. Perhaps the term will be abandoned till December next.

Page 1, Columns 2-4

[boxed ad in center of page for J. M. Hall & Co]

Page 1, Columns 2-4 (above ad)

[article about Indians can't claim their allotments because of white renters]

Page 1, Columns 2-4 (below ad)

[article discussing when the Creek Warrants will be issued]

Page 1, column 5

[article discussing white immigration into Indian Territory]

Notice of Administrator
For The Final Settlement of Estate Probate No 145.
      Notice is hereby given that the undersigned administrator for the estate of John H Tabor, deceased, who was duly appointed said administrator by the Honorable William M. Springer, judge of the United States court within and for the Northern District of Indian Territory, sitting at Vinita under date of April 1, 1899, will on the 21st day of February, A.D. 1900 at Vinita, Indian Territory, file his final report and ask for a final settlement of said estate, and at the same time said administrator will ask that he be finally discharged from the further duties of administrator of said estate, and all persons desiring to file any objections to the final settlement and discharge of said administrator will do so at that time, or be forever barred from doing so. - Robert H Hall, Adm'r by A R Querry, his attorney

M.E. Church - Subjects Sunday, February 4, 1900; Morning, The Wisdom of Fools; evening, The Man With Two Talents. - A. E. Ryan

City Council.
The City Council has had several meetings lately. When the smallpox scare broke out the council was convened and passed an act requiring all parties to be vaccinated, also authorizing quarantine regulations and making provision for their enforcement. Whether the case was smallpox or not the prompt action of the council was to be commended.

Page 2, column 1

Tulsa Democrat R. L. Lunsford, Editor - Published every Friday.

As long as the smallpox does not interfere with the "game" business will progress.

R. N. Bynum seems to be of the opinion that the prevailing complaint in so many towns in the Territory is not smallpox, but Cuban itch, and that it is a luxury of expansion. He has dubbed it "Expansion Itch".

The Muskogee Phoenix has again reached our desk after having been stopped during the time the management was "ripping us up the back." We can not believe this was intentional, for to do so would be to believe the paper guilty of the grossest and most shameful cowardice. It was perhaps only a coincidence. We are glad to receive the paper again.

- It can't help but be smallpox, because the pigmentation of the vesicles in the pustrelor stages are identical with the dermatology of the erythema. Further, the muetiforme of the lumbar as well as the aureola borealis and the hydrachinis of the conidal are umbilicated laterally about once a week and this condition continues until congress passes the appropriation bill or the recalcitrant doctors are fired for subordination.

What Is News?
      Apropos of the Rev. Sheldon's engagement to conduct the Topeka Capital for one week as he believes Jesus would conduct it, we are led to a reflection his ideas of news.
      The Democrat man has for years held that the province of a newspaper was to give only such news as is of interest in its particular locality. That is to say, that unless there is something of national interest outside the pale of a paper's influence, it would be better to fill the space with something else of a nature that will charge it with something of local interest.
      The newspapers of the times have gone wild over the news service, and are endeavoring to cover not only the nation but the world as well. Such items as are of interest commensurate with the scope of country covered by the paper's circulation are certainly proper and appropriate, but at this point it should generally end.
      Our contention is with Mr. Sheldon, that a murder in California or a suicide in New Hampshire is not news in the Indian Territory. We therefore eschew all such matters, and confine our service as far as possible to such things as are news to the people who keep up the circulation. In some of our Territorial papers we frequently see "dispatches" concerning trivial affairs that have happened thousands of miles away, and some few of them even cross the oceans and gather up the "news."

The Democrat Expands.
The Democrat believes in expansion. That is, when it comes just our way. When struggling people kindly ask us to take them in we believe in doing so. We expanded in this way last Saturday.
Page 2, column 2
We took them in, as it were. It was like this:
      Owasso is a new town on the Santa Fe extension, in the Cherokee Nation. Just now it is the terminus of the road, and will be made the division. Preparations are already making for the round house and the eating house, and every prospect for a good town is in evidence.
      The only thing lacking was a good newspaper. It was sought by the enterprising citizens to supply this need, and accordingly The Democrat man was called into consultation. On Saturday we hitched up "Old Jinuary" and drove through about fourteen miles of as fine country as a crow ever flew over, and arrived in time to take part in the public meeting.
      After due consideration and a comparison of various newspapers it was thought The Democrat's line of samples was more suitable than those of any other, and the order was accordingly made that The Democrat should publish a four-page, twenty-column, home-print newspaper for the city of Owasso.
      To the enterprise and energy of H. T. Richardson, E. B. Dunaway, J. N. Hill, B. F. Finch, J. B. Taylor, W. H. Overton, J. T. Barnes, Press Ballard, Dr. A. J. Sands and John Rivet, is due the credit for the publication, for it was only through their liberality and public spiritedness that the paper was started - they having subscribed altogether the amount of $45 a month bonus, besides their full patronage and earnest efforts for the success of the paper. From the beginning 500 copies will be printed and distributed each week, and the free distribution will be discontinued as subscriptions are received only, thus holding the list at 500 weekly until such time as the paid subscriptions equal or exceed that amount.
      Advertisers in The Democrat will be allowed for a small additional cost to take advantage of this increased circulation, which in addition to the regular list will give them a direct audience of nearly 1200, and, as it is estimated that five people read every copy of a newspaper, there will be distribution enough in our columns to reach almost every body within the trade radius of the city.
      A. J. Show, too well known to need introduction, will be associated with The Democrat man in the publication of the new paper, and will be the general manager of the business and custodian of its interests. Those desiring the paper or its advertising space can negotiate for the same through him, as well as through the writer hereof.
      The business men of Tulsa will hear more of this paper when our rush is over and we have time to interview them.

Page 2, columns 2 & 3

[article disagreeing with Senator Hanna]

Page 2, columns 4 & 5

[boxed ads already transcribed]

Page 3, column 1

Columns of Interesting Items Gathered From the Three Nations
Scissors, Pen, Ink and Pate Pot
Brought Into Use for Readers of The Democrat.


      Phoenix: - Three three-story buildings in construction and one four-story building in process of completion (all with frontage of considerably over 300 feet) is something for a frontier town to feel proud of. Our eastern friends who think we live in tepees would do well to take a Territory paper now and then.
      Phoenix: - United States Clerk Davidson for the Northern district of Indian Territory, left last Saturday for Cleveland, Ohio, where he went to bring his family to this place and make it his future home. Clerk Davidson is very favorably impressed with the town of Muskogee and its educational facilities and will place his tow children in school at this place. He will either buy property or build.


      Word has come from Washington that the Cherokee treaty may be returned to the Cherokees by the Interior Department with certain suggestions as to its modification. The Creek treaty has been returned with such recommendations, and Chief Porter will at once lay the matter before the Creeks on his return from Washington.
      The act of the Cherokee council providing for an expert examination of the auditor's books has been approved, and it is expected that Chief Buffington will make the appointments before he returns from Washington so the investigation can be going on.
      Vinita Chieftain: - A special to the Chieftain from Tahlequah announces the arrival of Inspector Wright at that place yesterday, and that he will begin his investigation of the Wolf Coon contest
Page 3, column 2
today. He will go through the evidence given before the national council and if necessary take additional testimony and report accordingly.
      Chieftain: - The thing needed in Vinita, and in the Cherokee Nation, at this time is a better brand of smallpox, a kind that would disable people and keep them from running about over the country, breaking out of pest houses and raising Cain, generally. Congress will never consent to give us an appropriation unless we can get a contagion that will check the appetites of the victims and put 'em to bed.
      Claremore Courier: - Some time ago the merchants of the Cherokee Nation were told in very pronounced language that if they failed to pay their tax to the Indian agent they would be given a free ride to Kansas or Arkansas as they preferred. The horror of being taken to either place so shocked most of Claremore's merchants that they paid. There are however, in this land a few men who failed to respond to official entreaties and jeered the inspector and his push with unholy jeers. These merchants who have not paid the tax now greet their brothers who did with the loud, vociferous, equestrian laughter, and in the pockets of their jeans they rattle much fine gold mingled with pieces of silver, all of which fills the soul of the tax paying merchant with an elegant article of gloom. Has the inspector's nerve failed him, or was all this excitement a short time since merely a gallery play?


      Journal: - It is about time something was done to show that the people favor the bill organizing Osage country. The bill will go into congress in a few days and it ought to be pushed through this year.
      Vinita Chieftain: - The Osages are taking advantage laws of Oklahoma. John Pappin, a wealthy Osage, owes $20,000 and has an income of $6,000 a year and was adjudged a bankrupt at Perry this week by the court. His creditors will carry the case to the higher courts.
      Perry Sentinel: - The best way for the Osage Nation to get a county is for the Indians to take their lands in severalty and sell the rest to white settlers. It would be one of the best countries in Oklahoma in a short time.

Page 3, columns 3 & 4

[article from the Vinita Chieftain about the Dawes Commissions moving too slow]

Page 3, column 4

Chief of the Cherokees.
     Chief Thos. M. Buffington, of the Cherokee Nation, was in town last Friday, says the Fort Gibson Post. He waited several hours for the west bound train. Physically Mr. Buffington is one of the largest men in the Territory, being six feet, seven inches high, and weighs about 260 pounds. He is a genial, good natured man, very sociable and has lots of friends. After reading a copy of the Boudinot letter, just out in The Post, wherein it stated that the Secretary of the Interior has ordered an investigation of the charges of unfairness on the part of the Downing party against the Kee-too-wah's in the last election, Mr. Buffington said that he could not be present, as he had been ordered to appear before the Interior department in relation to affairs in this Nation. ...

 Osage Students.
     Carlisle Redman:
- The fact that there are now twenty-nine Osage pupils attending Carlisle to acquire a "higher education," demonstrates the fact that the Osages are making commendable progress in the pathway of the white man, and that if the tribal barriers were removed, their lands allotted and every Osage made responsible for his own conduct and his own success in life, all who were found worthy would soon become reputable citizens, and the others soon cease to be a burden to themselves or their people.

Page 3, column 5

[article complaining about the slow work of the townsite boards]

 Quapaw Laws.
     Miami Herald:
- The Quapaw tribe held a council Tuesday to take action with regard to the bill introduced in congress providing for the sale of their school lands. We are informed that all of them signed a remonstrance to that provision of the bill and at once forwarded such remonstrance to Washington. They also selected Peter Clabber, principal chief, John Quapaw, second chief and George Redeagle, tribe-interpreter as agents for the tribe to go to Washington and represent the tribe in their opposition to the measure. These men expect to leave for the seat of war next Monday or Tuesday.

Stolen or Strayed.
     From my place two miles west of Catoosa Jan 15th 27 head of shoats; weight 50-150 pounds; marked crop left under bit right. 3 light yellow ones in the bunch. Any information leading to their recovery will be rewarded. Address: Wm. A. Cummins, Catoosa I.T.

Page 4, column 1

Newsy Items Gathered for Business Men -
He Who Runs May Read.
Territorial Topics of Interest Compiled by Various Papers -
Stolen by The Democrat.
      Hartshorn has taken steps to incorporate.
      The new town of Dewey is building a $2,000 church.
      A carpenters' union of twenty-eight members has been organized at Wagoner.
      Twelve divorces were granted during the recent sitting of the chancery court at South McAlester.
      It is said that there are a good many vacant farms in the northwestern part of the Cherokee Nation, renters having left for other parts owing to uncertainty of affairs.
      Chieftain: - The census recently taken of children of school age in the town of Vinita shows: Whites and Indians, 576; colored, 135. Taxable valuations have shrunk $109,209 and moneys and credits are $123,764 less than they were last year.
      A Vinita dispatch dated the 24th says: The Cherokee national board of health met at this place this evening and issued a proclamation warning the public that smallpox existed in the Cherokee Nation and there were known to be over 100 cases. The board said it had made careful examination and without reservation declared it to be smallpox, though it is in a mild form.
      South McAlester Review 20th: - The first stake of the permanent survey of South McAlester was driven Friday afternoon at 3:15. The stake is in the middle of Choctaw avenue or Front street, between the west corer of the Globe building and Warren's
<corner is torn off>
Page 4, column 2
      Pryor Creek Clipper: - The barn on the farm of G. W. Elliot, of Muskogee, located eight miles east of Adair, was burned last Friday night. J. F. Dunham a tenant, lost 1000 bushes of corn, nine head of horses, two sets of harness, two cultivators, three turning plows, one corn planter, six head of hogs, and one saddle. Joe Walker, another tenant, lost some corn and machinery. No insurance on barn and contents. The building was valued at $750.
      On the night of the 18th at Dougherty, eighteen miles north of Ardmore, fire destroyed stores as follows: Mr. Moritx, general merchandise, loss $7,000, insurance $3,000; M. D. Chitwood, groceries, loss $600, insurance $400; Charles Garrison, furniture, loss unknown; M. Weber's dwelling, loss unknown, insured; Morris Sass, general merchandise stock, damaged, insured; Betchel & Williams' building, estimated loss $1500, insurance unknown. The origin of the fire is unknown.
      The South McAlester Capital says Judge Clayton has rendered his final order in the boundary matter. The order establishing the corporate limits a quarter of a mile off the south end of the old map and 2310 feet off the east and west sides. This makes the town just about two and one half miles square. As regards the Main street dispute, the order of the court fixes the width of the street from Haynes corner to the Miller corner, two blocks, at sixty fee, and eighty feet from there to the city limits.
      An Ardmore dispatch, dated the 19th, says: United States District Attorney W. B. Johnson, of the Southern District, has received a letter from the Attorney General in which he states that there is at present no Federal penitentiary practicable for prisoners. The prison at Leavenworth has three cases of smallpox. There are twenty convicted men in jail here awaiting to be sentenced, which is being withheld by Judge Townsend owing to this fact.
      The Chickasaw Townsite Commission has issued the following notice: Notice is hereby given that in the appraisment of lots in Ardmore, upon which there are permanent, substantial and valuable improvements, other than fences, tillage and temporary houses, that no such appraisement will be made by the Commission on any lots upon which buildings are erected or built after January 25, 1900; and that all vacant lots will be advertised and sold at public auction according to law.

Page 4, column 3

J H Bailey Emptied His Gun Into Milo Sander's Head.
Quarreled Over Possession of Some Hogs - Bailey is in Jail at Muskogee.
      Last Sunday morning, J. H. Bailey and Milo Sanders, two neighbor farmers living near Miami, became embroiled over the possession of some swine, and Bailey seizing a shotgun, fired at his adversary. Sanders received a quantity of No. eight shot in the side of the head, and Bailey was soon afterward changed with assault with intent to kill. He was given a preliminary hearing before Commissioner Don Carlos on Tuesday and bound over to the grand jury in the sum of $800. Failing to give bond Bailey was sent to the Muskogee jail.

Legislation for the Territory.
      A Washington special gives the following bills introduced in congress Wednesday of interest to Territory people: Mr. Stephens has introduced a bill to amend the act of 1898 so as to amend the act of 1898 so as to provide for an additional enrollment of the Choctaw, Chickasaw and Creek Indians now residing in Indian Territory. Also a join resolution suspending proceedings in the courts of Indian Territory and before the Indian agent pending
Page 4, column 4
enactment of the legislation now before congress wherein the possessory rights of the Indians are involved.
      Mr. Livingston, of Georgia, has introduced a bill repealing the law authorizing the construction of jails in Indian Territory and directing the attorney general to lease such buildings in the Territory for jail purposes as in his opinion the service requires.
      Mr. Flynn, of Oklahoma, has introduced a bill authorizing the construction of water works and other public utilities by cities and towns in Indian Territory.

Territorial Schools.
      Acting Superintendent Horn, who is in charge of Superintendent Benedict's office during that official's absence in Washington, informs the Times that reports from every section of the Territory show the schools to be in a gratifying condition and the scholars making satisfactory progress in the acquisition of useful knowledge. The attendance is all that could be desired and there is no evidence of friction between the Indian school officials and the representatives of the Federal government. This is particularly true of the Choctaw Nation, where last fall the Indian officials were inclined to defy Federal supervision of the national schools and where their resentment manifested itself to an aggravating degree. Everything is harmonious down that way at present and the boarding schools are all in a flourishing condition. Jones Academy reports an enrollment of 170 students, Spencer Academy 100, and the other schools show up correspondingly well - Muskogee Times

Page 4, column 5

[article from the Fort Gibson Post about the law that disallows the cutting of walnut logs]

President Approved the Bill
      Muskogee Times: -
Creek school teachers have been somewhat alarmed over the fate of the bill of the Creek council which, among other things, made provision for the payment of school teachers.
      The Times representative this morning called on Hon. J. George Wright, Indian inspector, and made inquires. Mr. Wright said that the president had approved the bill and that the teachers would be paid just as soon as the warrants were signed by Chief Porter. Chief Porter is in Washington and there is no positive knowledge of his return. Even after the warrants are signed it may be some time before they are paid, but there need be no alarm because the teachers that have been employed will receive remuneration for their services.

 Dividing Line

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