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Ft. Gibson Post

Vol III No 16

February 3, 1898 (Part 1)

Abstracted / Transcribed by Linda Haas Davenport

When the print is so faded that it cannot be read <.....> will be used . All transcription will be as found in the paper, misspellings and all

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MULDROW ITEMS. An Interesting Budget of News From a Special Reporter - Muldrow I.T., February 1 -

Muldrow continues to improve, not-withstanding the unfavorable conditions in some respects. Cotton still continues to come in. About 3,800 bales have been shipped from this place during the season up to date, the total promising to be about 4,000 bales.

J M Raley is erecting a fine store house in the rear of his store.

Ben Lawson is erecting a new store building on Main street.

Tom Watts, that one with the "Jew nose," has one of the finest furnished law offices in the district.

John Pattillo, late of Ramey, has purchased the Payne building on Main street, next to the postoffice, and will soon open up a fine stock of groceries and other goods.

John West has opened a grocery store in the building opposite Jenkins & Blalock's store.

It appears that the devil needs another tail twisting by the Crusaders.

A number of intruders' places in this vicinity, that have been paid for, are advertised to be sold on the 14th inst. So far as can be learned most of the occupants refuse to vacate, in which case the U.S. court will have to settle the matter.

Gov Watts, of Paw Paw, brother to J S Watts, king of the intruders, has sold his last farm to a Cherokee citizen for $3,000, and will vacate.
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he got $2,600 for his other place, from a Cherokee authority. He says the Cherokees can now go to h--l if they like, and he is going to Texas.

J S Holden is at Fort Gibson this week on business. Holden seems to be stuck on old Fort Gibson, which he seems to think will make the greatest town south-west of Canada or Oskosh.

Henry Wilson, the hot tomales man, is the greatest genius to town. He is part Spanish, Mexican, Cherokee and white, and speaks English, Cherokee, Spanish, Italian, French and japanese, being a natural born linguist.

The so-called intruders in these parts are making preparations for planting crops, as usual. "Uncle Jeff" told them to hold on to the land and they are going to do so.

What the mayor of Muldrow don't know about grading and laying out roads and streets would make a good sized volume.

Muldrow has taken another step in advance. Prof. Menifee has organized a band here and a full set of very fine instruments were received from Kansas City a few days ago. One can hear the sound of instruments all over town and at almost all hours. A very short period of practice is all that is necessary now to give us a full set of first-class musicians.

- - -

Jas. Tittle and Andy Norwood will leave for Mexico February 5th, to inspect the country. Others are thinking of going with them. Strange that emigration should set in from so prosperous a gold-standard country as this to a free silvery county like Mexico - Vinita Leader

     Fort Gibson Was First Occupied in the Year 1823.
           Several Questions That Few People Can Answer
           Recollections of an Old-Timer of this Nation.

     I have asked many otherwise well-posted men, and even of our own citizens, such questions as: "When was Fort Gibson first occupied? When did the Cherokees first come to this country? Where did they come from? When did the Cherokee trade for this land? Was anyone then living here? Who? Where did they live?"
     There are seven questions every intelligent resident ought to be able to answer; but I doubt if a baker's dozen who may read this could have given correct information.
     Fort Smith was first occupied in 1817, and in 1823 the government, looking toward the occupany of this Territory by and exclusively for the Indians, it was deemed best to establish one or more posts or garrisons within its limits; so, in that year Fort Smith was abandoned, the troops all withdrawn, and on their way up the Arkansas river Fort Coffee, about 15 miles from Fort Smith, was established. Continuing on up the river about 60 miles a location was found on the right bank of Grand river, or, as called by the Osages who lived there, "Six Bulls" river, some two miles from where it empties into the greater Arkansas river.
     Fort Smith lay abandoned nine years, and was again occupied by troops in 1832. From time immemorial the Osages had claimed and occupied this country from Red river on the south to the Missouri on the north. In 1828 the government purchase this Indian Territory from the Osages, thus extinguishing forever all "Indian" title to the land.
     The same year - 1828 - an exchange was made with the western Cherokees, then living between the Arkansas and White rivers, giving them this present Cherokee nation, including the strip and outlet, and the "neutral" lands - all of which were included in the patent, given in 1839 - in exchange for their country in Arkansas. These western Cherokee moved up here and occupied this, their new home, in 1820. They had lived in the Arkansas country more than forty years. When they moved here they voluntarily chose to settle in among the hills and broken timbered country, instead of the great prairies, thus showing the fallacy of the propositions or statements of Mr. Dawes, upon which he loves to harp, viz: "That the greedy, grasping monopolists, i.e., the 'squaw men,' and the more enlightened half breeds, have taken all the good lands, giving the full bloods the poorest land, and crowding them back into the hills." Not a world of truth in the statement. The Indians voluntarily chose to make their homes there.
     When the Cherokees moved here, there were living here a few white families scattered over the nation - some in Flint district and some in Illinois district. Capt. Mark Bean was making salt at Mackey's salt works on the Illinois river, and a few families lived the Sallisaw creek. They had the only "town" and the only postoffice outside of Fort Gibson in the Cherokee nation. It is known to the government as "Lovely's Court House,"
     This location was chosen by the missionaries, who were then living among the Cherokees, as a suitable place for their school, which was moved from Pope county, Ark., and called Dwight Mission. The postoffice, however, was known as Kidron.
     I could go on indefinitely and give "early recollection," but this must suffice for this time. What a pity no one has written a history of the Cherokee nation!
     The whites moved out into Washington county and settled on Cane hill. They were paid for their improvements. "Lovely's Court House," or Kidron, was half way
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between cantonments Gibson and Smith, and was on the post road between them. - Vineta Chieftain

     In the United States court at Muskogee Monday Judge Springer rendered an opinion which is of vast importance to the people of the Five Civilized Tribes of the Indian Territory. The question was raised in the case of Hastings vs. Withmire, et. al., which has been pending in the United States court here for some time, and was brought to dispossess Withmire of his place which was sold under an execution and bought by Hastings.
     Withmire claimed the place was exempt from execution under the Cherokee law, but the Cherokee courts decided against him and the place was sold. When sued by Hastings in the United States court there Withmire made the same defense, but Hastings claimed that the question having been decided by the Cherokee courts was binding on all other courts, as the tribal courts were the sole and exclusive judges of the laws, usages and customs of the tribe. Judge Springer ruled that the United States courts had a right to review the decision of the tribal courts and if it found an opinion had been rendered which was contrary to the laws of the tribe it had the right to correct the error. This opinion will be far reaching in its effect, since it has been generally conceded that the decisions of the tribal courts in such matters was final and count not be reviewed by any other tribunal.

     Appointed For the Ensuing Term, Beginning February 14.

     The following is the primary school teachers appointments for the Cherokee nation for the ensueing term beginning Feb 15:
Music Teachers at Female Seminary
Principal - Lucie Fortner
Assistant - Nell Taylor
Primary Teachers - Goingsnake District
Oak Grove - Alice Holland
Piney - Sabina Buffington
Hearne - R L Alberty
Pea Vine - Arthur Benson
Prairie Grove - Discontinued
Whitmire - Leona Walkingstick
Green - Eli Whitmire
Joe Chewie - Mary Muskrat
Tom Devine - Henry Crittendne
Stony Point - Charles Clay
Fair Field - Elizabeth Freeman
Mulberry Tree - J H Bird
Baptist - Mary Davis
Oaks - Charles Crowder
Tyner's Valley - Mitchell Wolfe
Taylor (new) - M Still
Tahelquah District
Eureka - Ellen Gladney
Blue Spring - Columbia Parris
Ball Hill - Flora Hawkins
Swimmer - Elizabeth Bennett
Morgan - Lelia Morgan
Tahlequah - Lizzie Triplett
North Thalequah - Susie Parris
Sequah - Nerva Butler
Catchertown - Alice Burt
Flint Ridge (col) - Cora Alberty
Bug Tucker - Callie Ridge
Frye - Discontinued
Duncan (new) - Lucinda Duncan
Crittenden - Susie Morris
Citoca - Ella Downing
Grand View - Wm Chormley
Tahlequah (col) - Sena Vaultz
Four Mile Branch (col) - Richard Nero
Saline District
Requah - Lucinda Rogers
Lynch's Prairie (col) - Carrie R Gourd
Arcadia - Florence Ross
Rowe - Wm Johnston
Oceola - Maggie Ross
Wickliff - Wm Muskrat
Kahhahwee - Susie Smith
Chawasatawa - Discountinued
Elm (new) - John R Bird
Cedar Bluff - D L Batt
Military Ridge - Bessie Campbell
Utopia - Kate Bushyhead
Carselowey - Kate Carselowey
Bluejacket - B F Cleveland
Afton - Maggie Meyers
Aurora - Jas McCullah
Prairie City -
Ballard - Laura Fields
Grove - Callie Blair
Olympus - Eugene Thompson
Honey Creek - Rachel Lane
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Pineville - Jessie Wofford
Oseequah -
Del-Town - Wm O Steene
Hickory Grove - J W Chandler
Mitchell Springs - Susie Phillips
Minnehaha - Fannie Harlem
Moore (col) -
Vinita -
Vinita - Mary Browning
Adair - Carried B. Myers
Venus - Bessie Chute
Coo-y-yah - Emma Dixon
Rogers - Leva Mitchell
West Point - Ella Glenn
Pysche - Sarah smith
White Oak -
Catele - E S Wilkerson
Chelsa - Minnie Henry
Justice - Hattie Johnston
Nowata - Maggie Parks
Catoosa - Jonna Duncan
Oolagah - Jessie Benge
Washington - Jerry Henry
Paden - Jennie Sloms
Hickory Creek - J T Elliott
Gooseneck - Rosa Sanders
Lightning Creek - A Van
Brush Creek - George F Nave
Sequoyah District
Hanson - Principal - J F Bates
Hanson - Asst Principal - Vinnie Curtis
Sallisaw - Lizzie Perry
Muldrow - Lellie Wallace
Adair - Josie Wallace
Belle Fonte - Wm R Gourd
Advance - Oneda McCrqcken
Red Land (col) -
Lone Pine - Bessie Rogers
Roastingear - Sadie Sanders
Illinois District
Fort Gibson - Gertrude Rogers
Fort Gibson (col) - W H Fields
Garfield -
Manard - Dora Ward
White Oak - Mary Lynch
Braggs - Robert Nix
McKey - Lugie Starr
Young - L Florence Waters
Vian - W B Wyly
Greenleaf (col) - Jeanette Lowery
Sandtown - S H Booton
Three Rivers - Mabel Benge
Deep Branch -
Watie (col) - A L Nero
Canadian District
Wilkinson - John R Harris
Prairie Gap (new) - Maggie Alberty
Starr's Valley - Maggie Taylor
Texanna - Daisy Harris
Spadiard Creek - James Scarcewater
Union Chapel - Callie leosler
Frontier - Richard Holland
Ettawah - Jessie F Stephens
Webber Falls - Georgia Vann
New Hope - Osie Allen
Twin Mountains - William Ootingow
Georges Fork - moved to Prairie Gap
Flint District
Dahlonegah - Maggie Fletcher
Butler - Jennie Mcmakin
Elm Grove - Maggie Muskrat
Cochran (Bell) - Narcissa Taylor
Horn - Wm Gott
Rocky Mount - George Smith
Rock Spring - Laura J Paden
Ivanhoe - Ollie Hopper
Jackson Christie - Daisy D Starr
Walnut Grove - Mabel Miller

     Marshals of the Northern district have received a straight tip from Judge Thomas. They must serve processes promptly and make their return by the first day of the term. If they fail to do this he promises them a fine of $50 for the first offence and double for each repetition. Some of the marshals have carred papers in their pockets till they were worn out. - Vinita Leader

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