State & Local Census Records

© Linda Haas Davenport

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Although my essay on Census Records is confined to Federal Census Records, no researcher should ignore the wonderful information that can be found in State and sometimes local census records.

States often took their own census for one reason or another and usually (this is really important) between the Federal Censuses dates. These state census records can give you additional information on family members, help place a family in a given place at a given time and often add considerably to the information found on the Federal Census.

This is particularly true of School Census Records which usually list each child, their age, whether they are or were attending school and the name of the parents. These School Censuses can name many children that were born and died between the Federal Censuses for which no other record exists.

Most of the State Censuses are not indexed and those that still exist are sometimes difficult to locate. Contact the state archives in your state of research and inquire about the availability of state and local census records. Check all of the LDS catalogue listings for available state censuses and above all be prepared to sit in front of a microfilm reader and read these censuses line by line.

For those people researching Native American ancestry there are numerous censuses available. One of the best listings of the availability of Native American, state and local censuses, that I am aware of, is THE SOURCE available from many sources. Many, if not most, genealogy libraries have a copy of this book.

Here is a list of State Censuses that are known to have been conducted. Some of these may no longer exist or may be incomplete.

Alabama - 1818, 1820, 1821, 1823, 1850, 1855, 1866, 1907

Alaska - 1870, 1878, 1879, 1881, 1885, 1887, 1890-95, 1904, 1905, 1906-07, 1914, 1917

Arizona - 1866, 1867, 1869, 1872, 1874, 1876, 1880, 1882

Arkansas - 1823, 1829, 1865, 1911

California - 1788, 1790, 1796, 1797-98, 1816, 1836, 1844, 1852

Colorado - 1861, 1866, 1885

Connecticut: 1636, 1709, 1756, 1762, 1774

Delaware: 1665, 1667, 1669, 1670, 1971, 1672, 1675, 1676, 1677, 1678, 1680, 1681, 1693, 1696, 1697, 1776

Florida: 1783, 1786, 1825, 1855, 1866, 1867, 1868, 1875, 1885, 1895, 1935, 1945

Georgia: 1738, 1740, 1750, 1753, 1756, 1798, 1800, 1810, 1827, 1834, 1838, 1845, 1852, 1853, 1859, 1865, 1879

Hawaii - 1878, 1890, 1896

Idaho - No state census records are known to exist.

Illinois: 1787, 1810, 1818, 1820, 1825, 1830, 1835, 1840, 1845, 1855, 1865

Indiana - 1807, 1853, 1857, 1871, 1877, 1883, 1889, 1901, 1913, 1919, 1931

Iowa - 1836, 1838, 1844, 1846, 1847, 1849, 1851, 1852, 1854, 1856, 1885, 1895, 1905, 1915, 1925.

Kansas - 1855, 1865, 1875, 1885, 1895, 1905, 1915, 1925

Kentucky: 1792

Louisiana: 1699, 1706, 1721, 1722, 1724, 1726, 1731, 1770, 1774, 1853, 1858

Maine: 1652, 1674, 1703, 1711, 1753, 1837

Maryland: 1683, 1701, 1704, 1708, 1710, 1712, 1748-49, 1755, 1758, 1762, 1776, 1778

Massachusetts: 1754, 174, 1779, 1783, 1785-86, 1855, 1865

Michigan - 1837, 1845, 1854, 1864, 1874, 1884, 1888, 1894, 1904

Minnesota - 1849, 1853, 1855, 1857, 1865, 1875, 1885, 1895, 1905

Mississippi: 1774, 1788, 1789, 1801, 1805, 1808, 1810, 1816, 1818, 1820, 1822, 1823, 1824, 1825, 1830, 1833, 1837, 1840, 1841, 1845, 1850, 1853, 1860, 1866

Missouri: 1789, 1797, 1803, 1817, 1819, 1840, 1844, 1852, 1856, 1860, 1864, 1876, 1880

Montana - No state census records are known to exist.

Nebraska - 1854, 1855, 1856, 1865, 1869, 1885.

Nevada - 1862, 1863, 1875

New Hampshire: 1633-39, 1732, 1735, 1767, 1773, 1774, 1775, 1786

New Jersey: 1693, 1726, 1737-38, 1745, 1772, 1855, 1865, 1875, 1885, 1895, 1905, 1915

New Mexico - 1790, 1823, 1845, 1885

New York: 1663, 164, 1698, 1703, 1712-14, 1723, 1731, 1737, 1746, 1749, 1756, 1771, 1790, 1825, 1835, 1845, 1855, 1865, 1875, 1892, 1905, 1915, 1925

North Carolina: 1701, 1741-52, 1784, 1785, 1786, 1787

North Dakota - 1885, 1915, 1925

Ohio - No state census records are known to exist.

Oklahoma - 1890, 1907

Oregon - 1842, 1843, 1845, 1849, 1850, 1853, 1854, 1855, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1859, 1865, 1870, 1875, 1885, 1895, 1905

Pennsylvania: 1693, 1749, 1763, 1769, 1776

Rhode Island: 1689, 1708, 1730, 1747, 1748-49, 1754, 1755, 1776, 1777, 1782, 1865, 1875, 1885, 1905, 1915, 1925, 1935

South Carolina: 1670, 1775, 1776, 1825, 1839, 1869, 1875

South Dakota - 1885, 1895, 1905, 1915, 1925, 1935, 1945

Tennessee - 1891

Texas - 1829-1836

Utah - 1856

Vermont: 1623/25, 1634, 1699, 1701, 1703, 1779

Virginia - 1782, 1783, 1784, 1785, 1786

Washington - 1856, 1857, 1858, 1860, 1871, 1874, 1877, 1878, 1879, 1880, 1881, 1883, 1885, 1887, 1889, 1891, 1892, 1898

West Virginia - No state census records are known to exist.

Wisconsin - 1836, 1838, 1842, 1846, 1847, 1885, 1865, 1875, 1885, 1895, 1905

Wyoming - 1875, 1878

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