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(c) Linda Haas Davenport (Updated 2007)
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The 1910 Census doesn't differ much from the 1920. The Census Bureau was in full operation as a year around business and no longer had to open and close it's office every 10 years. The census takers were given competitive tests and only those who passed were hired.
The Census Office began to release statistical data as it was prepared rather than waiting until all the information was completed.
Enumeration Districts were in effect and these maps are available from the National Archives.
Still only one copy of the schedules were made, any county wanting copies had to pay for them itself.
In 1940 the Dept of Commerce had the original schedules for the 1900 through the 1940 censuses. Because of storage problems, and with the advent of the Microfilm technology, the Commerce Dept had the censuses of 1900-1940 microfilmed and then destroyed the originals. Microfilming was still in it's infancy and these census copies are not the best in the world, but since the originals were destroyed there will never be a chance to re-film them.
1910 Census - United States
Abstracted by: ________
State _____ County or Parish _______ Township, Ward or Beat _______
Incorporated Place ___ Enumeration District ____ Date of Enumeration ______
Enumerator ______ Publication No _____ Roll Number _______
To see all of the abstract form I cut off the right side and inserted it here
The schedules above are older versions of abstract forms. Newer forms available from several places on the web are easier to use and the two pages of the census schedule are reduced to a single sheet. The schedules are broken down as follows: Top of sheet: State, county, City/Township/ Enumeration District; sheet number; Enumeration date. The schedules themselves are broken down into sections - Section 1 - Location: Line number; Street, avenue, road, etc.; House number or farm; Dwelling number; Number of family in order of visitation. Section 2 - Name of each person whose place of abode on April 15, 1910, was in this family (Include every person living on April 15, 1910, Omit children born since April 15, 1910). Section 3 - Relationship of this person to the head of the family. Section 4 - Personal Description: Sex, Color or Race; age at last birthday; Whether single, married, widowed, or divorced; number of years in present marriage; Mother of how many children - born; now living. Section 5 - Nativity: Place of birth of each person and parents of each person enumerated. If born in United States, give state or territory. If foreign birth, give country. This person; Father of this person; Mother of this person. Section 6 - Citizenship; Year of immigration to the US; Whether naturalized or Alien; Whether able to speak English; or if not, give language spoken. Section 7 - Occupation: Trade of profession of, or particular kind of work done by this person; General nature of industry, business or establishment in which this person works; Whether an employer, employee, or working on own account; If an employee - Whether out of work on April 15, 1910; Number of weeks out of work during 1909. Section 8 - Education: Whether able to read; Whether able to write; Attended school any time since Sept 1, 1909. Section 9 - Ownership of home: Owned or Rented; Owned free or mortgaged; Farm or house; Number of farm schedule. Section 10 - Whether a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy; Whether blind (both eyes); Whether deaf and dumb.
The Enumeration Date changed from the June 1st date of prior censuses to 15 April 1910.
More and more states were getting births and deaths registered and anyone alive on this census probably has at least a death certificate on file. If you have family members missing on this census be sure to check available death records in both old and new locations (if your family moved).
The Soundex for the 1910 Census covers only 21 states. For those 21 the index is an every name index by head of household with all members of the family being listed on the soundex card. The states covered are: Alabama; Arkansas; California; Florida; Georgia; Illinois; Kansas; Kentucky; Louisiana; Michigan; Mississippi; Missouri; North Carolina; Ohio; Oklahoma; Pennsylvania; South Carolina; Tennessee, Texas; Virginia and West Virginia. The assumption as to why all the states are not indexed is that the Census Bureau simply ran out of funds to continue the indexing. There are several places that have a full 1910 index available.Ancestry has the index on-line but it is not free.
The soundex is on 4,642 rolls of microfilm and each state has it's own publication number, T1259 through T1279.
The 1910 Census is on 1,784 rolls of film, publication # T624.
The 1910 Census has slightly less information than the 1920 census. If there is an entry in column 29 (Number of farm schedule) be sure to try to locate the agriculture schedules for the area to increase your knowledge of your family. Use the information on immigration, etc. to broaden your research. You will pretty much duplicate the research you did for the 1920 census. Watch for additional or missing children. Were they old enough to have married and left home? If so check marriage records and land records. Look closely at neighbors since often fathers gave children a part of his land when they set up housekeeping on their own. Look at the neighbors and compare them to the ones on the 1920 census - keeping an eye out for new ones. Look at their ages to see if they might be married daughters.
If there was a move between the 1910 and 1920 census you might want to look at a map and see the route your ancestors traveled to reach their new home. This was a time when train travel was common, but moving furniture, farm animals, clothing, household goods, etc. still wasn't done much by train. If your family was wealthy then perhaps someone else did the moving, but for poor farm families, wagon and horses was still the main means of moving from place to place. Remember you are checking a 10 year time span so they might have stopped off for a year or two along the way. Look closely at children's birth year and places to see if anyone was born "along the way". Check land records to discover when your ancestor probably arrived at their new homes - compare it to the date their land was sold at the old location. This is a clue as to whether you need to "really" look at the possible places between their old home and the new.
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