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 18100 Census

(c) Linda Haas Davenport (Updated 2007)

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The 1800 and 1810 population censuses were similar in scope and method to the 1790 census. The US District Court was still the enumeration district and the actual taking of the census was still under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Marshal. Copies were to be retained at the District Court and summaries by category were to be forwarded to the President.

However, Members of Congress, as well as statisticians and other scholars both within and outside the Federal Government, urged that while the populace was being canvassed, other information the new Government needed should be collected. The first inquiries on manufacturing were made in 1810 and, in later decades, censuses of agriculture, mining, governments, religious bodies (discontinued after 1936), business, housing, and transportation were added to the decennial census. Legislation enacted in 1948 and later years specified that the various economic, agriculture, and government censuses would be taken at times that did not conflict with those in which the population and housing censuses occurred. (1)

There are practically no Manufacturing Schedules remaining for the 1810 census, except a few that were bound with the schedules. Check the end of the county or district on the microfilm to see if the manufacturing schedules are included.

  

1810 CENSUS-UNITED STATES

State: ____ County _______ City _________ Call No _______

Example of a 1810 census schedule page

Schedule is broken down by: Head of Household (the name of the head of the house). Free White Males: Under 10, 10-15, 16-25, 26-44, 45 & Over. Free White Females: Under 10, 10-15, 16-25, 26-44, 45 & Over. All Others, Slaves and Remarks. The 1810 census instructions to enumerators did not include how the manufacturing schedules were to be drawn or what to specifically to ask about manufacturing so answers varied widely. In the example above the last 4 columns have to do with number of people involved in manufacturing and the value of whatever was being manufactured. Many of the existing schedules do not include this type of information.

Approximate Birth year for the age categories:

Age

Born Between

Under 10

1800-1810

10-15

1795-1800

16-25

1794-1785

26-44

1784-1766

45 & over

1765 & before

 

The 1810 Census began on 6 August 1810 with 10 months allowed to complete it. The first family recorded would have been on 6 Aug 1810 and the last would have been 6 June 1811. Remember that the Enumeration Date was 6 Aug 1810 and all information recorded was supposed to have been as of that date. If the census taker followed the rules people who died after 6 Aug 1810 will be counted and those not born by 6 Aug 1810 won't be counted no matter when the census taker talked to the family. As with the 1830-1840 census the count was to be made of all persons in the household as of the enumeration date. If the family couldn't remember who was in the house on that date the census taker would record the family's guesses or simply record everyone he found in the house on the day he visited. These persons could be visiting family, laborers, boarders, neighbors, etc.

The 1810 Census is recorded on Microfilm publication M252 and consists of 71 rolls. The states recorded are; Connecticut, Delaware, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee (Rutherford county only) and Virginia and are broken down within the state by counties.

Use any available indexes for help in locating your ancestor's surname. Use your Redbook or Handybook For Genealogist to determine when a county was formed and from which counties.

The 1800 & 1810 census contains the same age groupings for both male and females. The family historian can use these groupings to help sort out families in the same area with the same name. Use the head of household name and number of people in the age groupings to follow up with tax records, wills, land records, court records, etc. to differentiate between families with the same name. Remember, don't discard a family just because the numbers don't match exactly until you have exhausted all the other records. The 1810 census, like the 1790 & 1800 makes no distinction between family, boarders, employees and visitors.

Remember when you are actually using the census records for your research you are moving backwards and each move backwards gives you less information. For each of the Census records of 1790-1840 take the household and subtract 10 years from the ages of all members to give you an approximate age to use in the next earlier census. Look at all families with your surname and compare ages to try to locate the household most likely to be yours. Males came of age and many moved out. Many acquired land in the same general area. Females married and left the household. As you move backwards through the census records watch for the addition of these males and the loss of females.

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1800 Census

1820 Census

Census Index

Learning Center

Home Page

 

Sources

(1) 200 Years of Census Taking: Population and Housing Questions, 1790-1990. Washington, DC: Bureau of the Census, 1989.

(2) Catalogue of 1790-1890 Federal Population Census Data Available Through the Census Microfilm Rental Program; Bureau of the Census, 1992.

(3) List of the Public Acts of Congress, Contained In volume Second; Acts of the eleventh Congress of the United States; Statute II; 1809-1810;March 26, 1810; Chap. XVII. Pg 564-568;An Act providing for the third Census or enumeration of the Inhabitants of the United States.

 

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